Essential Equipment for Radio Broadcasting

At some point in our lives, we’ve all had that favorite radio program that we could not afford to miss. Be it top of the hour news highlights or the hottest gossip trending. We had to stay tuned irrespective of what tasks we had at hand. Radio stations have become easier to establish, thanks to the advancing technology and unlimited access to information. Today, you will find radio stations in strip malls and skyscrapers as well as in other cheeky locations. Nonetheless, with internet radios also getting a fair share of the market, one can run his or her radio station in a room. Paying more attention to the typical full power radio station, most people do not have an idea of the broad range of equipment involved to ensure that the signal broadcasted reaches your ears as intended.

Both radio and television have to employ the necessary transmission equipment to see to it that their production is top notch and also it reaches its target. There is an apparent similarity between the equipment used in radio and those used in television broadcast, but for the purpose of this article let’s focus our attention on radio broadcasting. Depending on the budget and the exact needs of different companies, there is a broad range of equipment to choose from. The material used make it possible for the radio stations to broadcast information through your radio set to homes that are within the transmission range. Whether you have ever dreamt of owning a radio station, or you are just looking for helpful information, this guide will be a useful starting point to help you get an idea about the wide range of equipment involved in radio broadcasting. Whereas there is a broad range of equipment that you can buy for professional radio broadcasting, this article looks at the essential equipment to kick start your broadcasting career.

Transmitter

The transmitter makes one of the primary and most critical equipment for radio broadcasting. It collects the broadcast signal, encrypts it and later transmits it as radio waves that can be picked by just any receiver. Radio transmitters come in different types to suit the unique preferences of different companies. If you want to establish a full power radio station or a small radio station, you can choose from the wide range that includes large FM transmitters as well as medium and low power FM transmitters. It all goes down to what kind of broadcasting you plan on plunging into. Also, you will find short-range transmitters that can also be used to broadcast AM and FM signals.

Receiver

The receiver is also an important component in radio broadcasting. It picks up the encrypted broadcast signal and decrypts it so that listeners can hear the message. The receiver plays a huge role in allowing your radio to get playback signals. Some receivers are stronger than others, making it possible to send out signals further away.

Mixer

A mixing board helps to modify the audio output so that you can control the manner in which the audio is recorded and how it is broadcasted. With a mixer, the operator can use several audio signals to control various aspects of how they sound including equalization and leveling. The mixer also allows you the time to sensor inappropriate or sensitive content in real time before it is released to the public because there is a small delay between the broadcast and the relay, making it possible to edit controversial content. The microphones and the audio playback component are also connected to the mixer.

Audio Processor

The purpose of this component is to enhance and boost the quality of the sound. You can find a broad range of audio processors in the market from which to choose the one that interests you the most. Knowing what you need is paramount as it helps you to make the right decision. The majority of audio processors connected to the transmitter are stand alone. However, some particular software is taking up this job in radio broadcasts that are computer based.

Transmission Lines

Just as the name suggests, transmission lines are used to transmit local signals from one place to another such as from the transmitter atop the tower to the FM antenna. They come in the form of coaxial cables.

Audio Playback Component

The market has plenty to offer concerning your audio playback options. However, your decision should be dependent on the type of content you plan to broadcast on your station. Some of the available options include vinyl record players, CD players, and tape machines. Nevertheless, with the ever advancing technology within our grasp, a good number of new radio stations rely on either of the mentioned playback options together with a computer.

Antenna

The antenna is responsible for sending and receiving radio signals. You can decide on the best FM antenna for your particular application by conducting extensive research from online sources and other platforms.

Microphones

Almost every radio station has an assortment of microphones. They come in broad range of styles, sizes designs and also vary due to their intended purpose.  There are those that are designed specifically for voice and on-air broadcasting, and they often have a windscreen over them. The windscreen sees to it that external noises such as the sound of your breath blowing into the mic are kept to a minimum. Thus, they prevent any instances of undesired noise or sounds hitting the microphone. Also, microphones come at different prices depending on their design. You may also need to have adjustable mic stands or additional microphones in the studio for guests. You can visit microphonegeeks.com for more insight into different types of microphones and also for reviews to help you decide which one best suits your broadcasting needs.

Speakers

Speakers are important as they help to monitor what you are broadcasting. You need quality speakers to hear the content of your broadcast. Speakers that are designed for music studios are the most recommended because they deliver an accurate representation of your broadcast.

Satellite Dishes

Most radio stations receive some of their shows through satellite. The signal passes through the station’s control room and via a console before it is sent to the transmitter.

Headphones

You may have ever wondered why the majority of many radio presenters and deejays always have headphones on their heads. Well, the purpose of wearing headphones is to prevent feedback which may bring about undesired and annoying noise. Therefore, the headphones are used to monitor the broadcast since the deejay or the presenter can hear what is going on.

Soundproofing

Soundproofing the radio station helps to improve the voice of the presenter and make him or her sound as good as possible. It prevents the sound waves from bouncing back off the walls when you speak. In simpler terms, it flattens the wave by crafting a unique texture on the walls of the studio. This can be done by using certain materials or designs on the walls to flatten out the sound waves.